Page 1:    Triple Threat, Dribbling and Passing
Page 2:    Pivoting, Shooting and Defense
Page 3:    Getting Open, Screens and Rebounding

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      1.    Every movement with the ball initially involves pivoting.
      2.    All moves, most fakes and driving to the basket depend on the ability to pivot.
      3.    Players must be able to pivot forward, backward and to the side using either foot.
      4.    The pivot foot is the foot that stays in place.
      5.    The ball of the foot stays stationary. As you turn, the rest of the foot rotates about the ball of the foot.
      6.    If you slide or change your pivot foot when you have the ball, a walking violation occurs and your team loses possession
             of the ball.
      a)    Keep Away – Players get a partner with 1 ball. One defender and offensive player in triple threat position. Defender tries to tip, steal or tie up offensive player for a held ball without fouling for 20-30 seconds. Offensive player pivots back, front,  side, all around to avoid defender with head up. Switch positions. Offensive player will quickly learn that pivoting away will prevent defensive player from touching ball. Easy and effective! Try 2 defenders! Offensive player will work hard to avoid tie up! If players come from left and right – front pivot through.
      b)    See other drills in passing and dribbling.
The first step in teaching players to shoot the basketball is to teach them the proper form. Insist on proper form during practice. Proper form starts with the mechanics of shooting and an understanding of their shooting range.  
      1.    Stance – Feet about shoulder width apart. If RH, right foot slightly forward, vice versa for LH. Weight on balls of the feet, not heels. Shoulders and body should be square to the basket. Knees slightly bent as thigh muscles provide power for shot. Stay balanced.
      2.    Holding ball – Both hands to hold ball. Shooting hand should be underneath ball with wrist cocked back. Elbow bent  about 90 degrees (backwards “L”) and underneath ball close to body in a tuck position. Non-shooting hand or guide hand supports or balances ball during stroke but comes off the ball before release.
      3.    Set point – The position of the ball just prior to release. If RH, ball to the right of the face a little toward right shoulder. Ball should be as high as forehead or higher.
      4.    Upward force – Power is provided by upward force of jump (jump shot) or thighs (free throw). Legs!
      5.    Aiming ball – Back of the rim, just over the front of the rim or square/box for bank shot. Concentrate on spot not ball or flight of ball.
      6.    Releasing/Shooting ball – Shooting arm extends forward toward hoop (elbow in), release with snap of wrist and ball rolls off fingertips. Shoot ball with high arc on flight of ball. Do not push ball with heel of palm.
      7.    Follow through – Fingers should be pointing toward basket and wrist bent forward with palm of hand facing downward  toward floor – “gooseneck”, “fishhook” or “reaching into the cookie jar”. Hold release until ball hits rim. Proper form will create rotation or backspin on ball.
* Confused? Who wouldn’t be! It is difficult to teach the proper form of shooting a basketball using the above text. It is simple – use the method some experts call the Catch, Square, Tuck and Follow Through method. The player catches the ball, square shoulders to the basket, tuck the elbow and follow through on release.
Wall shot – Everybody gets a ball. No basket. Find empty wall space. Player picks a spot on the wall (3-5 feet away) and shoots for the spot. Ball returns, shoot again. 1 minute. Prompt players with catch ball, square shoulders, tuck elbow, bend knees, follow through and backspin. No wall space! Flick ball above head – same motion. Proper form.
All Net – One shooter and one rebounder per basket. Shooter shoots from 3-5 feet in front of rim. Nothing but net shots – swish! Rebounder rebounds. Switch positions after 1 minute. Proper form – catch, square, tuck, bend and follow through. Extend in increments of 2 feet during practice or over a number of practices. Proper form + comfort level = range. Insist players shoot in comfort zone.
Speed Lay-up – 1 player, 1 ball, 1 basket. Shoot lay-ups using backboard only. Start right side, shoot – rebound own shot. Left side, shoot and rebound own shot. No dribble. Back & forth for 1 minute. Proper form. Accuracy. Hit box on backboard.  Right hander – extend right hand and lift right knee. Jump! Left hander – opposite.
On the Blocks – 3 players. 1 shooter & 2 rebounders. 1 ball on each low block with 1 rebounder. Shooter starts in middle. On whistle, shooter picks up ball on either block, pivots, shoots bank shot. (No Dribble) Shooter moves to other block, picks up ball, pivots, shoots  bank shot. Rebounder on either side is responsible for getting rebound quickly and placing it back on the block for next shot attempt. Shooter goes back and forth for 1 minute (extend during season). Rebounders count shots made. Players rotate!! Stress proper form, accuracy, pivot and hustle. Over season challenge players, count shots made and extend time. 
On the elbows – Same as On the Blocks except balls are now placed on elbows of the foul line. 1 rebounder near basket and 1 on foul line between balls. On whistle, shooter picks up ball on right side and dribbles for a lay-up right side. Make or miss, shooter now runs to left elbow, picks up ball and dribbles for a lay-up on left side. Rotate back and forth for 1 minute. Rebounders count made shots. Rebounder down low rebounds and passes to player on foul line who places ball on empty block. Players rotate! Stress proper form, accuracy, head up on dribble and hiiting square on backboard. Over season challenge players and extend time. Grueling but fun and competitive. 
Lay-up Drill – Two lines of players at mid-court line. 2 balls in one line. Offensive player assumes triple threat position, fakes and drives to basket for lay-up. First player from other line is rebounder. Rebounder gets rebound and dribbles back and hands off ball to next offensive player in line. Players go to back of other line. Lay-up from left and right. Can have offensive player dribble to center of foul line, jump stop and bounce pass to other player for lay-up or jump shot. You know the drill.
Weave – 3 lines at mid-court line, center line has balls. Center player passes L or R and goes behind player to low block of that side. Player receiving pass dribbles quickly to the foul line, jump stops and bounce passes to players at L or R low block for lay-up. Other player who did not receive pass goes to low block on their side looking for pass. During season, extend to full court, chest or bounce pass and challenge the players to use fewer passes.
Knockout – Team lines up at foul line. First 2 players in line have ball. First player shoots free throw. If she makes, she passes ball to 3rd player in line while 2nd player is attempting free throw. If any player misses free throw shot, they get rebound and shoot at basket until they make a shot. If the player behind you shoots and makes basket before you …….. you are eliminated. Teammates in line will rotate in and continue on or be eliminated in same fashion. 
21 – Divide players into 2 equal teams. One team positions itself on left elbow of foul line with one ball and the other team positions itself at right elbow of the foul line with one ball. Object is 21 points by the team, 2 points awarded for each shot made at the foul line elbow and 1 point awarded for each made layup. Teams begin play.
      1.    Feet shoulder-width apart and staggered, one foot slightly higher than other
      2.    Weight on balls of feet (not on heels or flat-footed)
      3.    Knees bent
      4.    Hips down
      5.    Back slightly arched 
      6.    Head up – eyes on belly button or hips of offensive player
      7.    Arms extended out, hands – fingers up & thumbs toward ears, elbows bent
      8.    Head steady at midpoint of body to maintain balance
      9.    Movement is step-and-slide motion in which the feet never cross. No hopping or jumping
     10.  Keep low, almost in a sitting position 
Stance & Movement
      1.    On the ball – Pressure! Get in player’s “bubble” – arm’s length. “Paw” like bear to establish distance from offensive player. Nose up on strong shoulder. Head always lower than that of the player being guarded. Force offensive player to  their weak hand – the hand she is most uncomfortable dribbling with. 
      2.    One pass away – Deny pass! Ball side foot up, arm extended, palm of hand open to ball and thumb down to swat away pass. Denial position in the passing lane between the ball and receiver so that you can see ball. This is the ball-you-man principle.
      3.    Two passes away – Help position or drop to the paint. “Six-shooters” or “pistols in the paint” position. See the ball and your man to help on defense.
      4.    If you get beat, do not reach in or swipe at ball. Instead, turn and sprint to an open area where your opponent is going –cut em off at the pass. Resume defensive positioning.
      5.    Be aggressive
      6.    If a player being guarded gives up the dribble/stops dribbling, rush player and belly up. Do not reach or slap down on ball. Defender should mirror ball with both hands to create difficulty for next pass or “held ball” call.
       a)    Slide Drills – Whole team. Bend knees, sit in chair, eyes up, arms extended. Slide – do not cross feet. Proper footwork.
             Get slow to get quick.
                  1.    Sideline – Sideline to sideline and back. 30 second rest. Increase to 2-3 repetitions.
                  2.    In the Paint – Quick slide from one side of paint to the other. 20-30 seconds. Rotate ½ team in and out.
                         2 repetitions.
                  3.    Whistle drill – Players line up on left sideline length of court. Coach blows whistle and players slide right.
                          When whistle blown again, slide opposite direction. Whistle signifies change of direction. 30 seconds. 
      b)    Defensive positioning – Two groups of player begin on baseline and get a partner. One player on offense with ball, other on defense. Offense dribbles length of court in zig-zag fashion as defensive player slides and defends. Wait for other
 team members finish. Players swich position on return. Confine area of dribbling/defense.
                   1.    Defensive player – hands clasped behind back. ½ speed.
                   2.    Defensive player – hold shorts or shirttail. ½ speed.
                   3.    Defensive player – Extend arms. No stealing. ¾ speed.
                   4.    Defensive player – Extend arms. Steal ball. Full speed.
                    *** Stress head on ball, footwork/slides and force offensive player to weak hand. No reaching or slapping ball.
      c)    Shell Drill – Set 5 offensive players up on the perimeter spaced around the half court just inside the 3 point line.  Assign
             5 defensive players to the offensive players in person-to-person coverage. Start with ball at point and swing the ball
             slowly around the perimeter. Position defensive players as discussed in “Positioning”  1,  2, & 3 above. If your player has ball, pressure on ball. One pass away – deny pass. 2 passes away – help to the paint. Reposition players after every pass to get them to understand helping defense.